Hosting: Backing up your MediaTemple using rsync and a linux box

Follow these steps to setup a decent backup solution for your MT hosting (you can adapt this to any other hosting that offers SSH and RSYNC access).

First you'll want your linux box to be able to SSH into your hosting without a password using a SSH key instead.

Then, just clone the following repository somewhere in your linux box

https://github.com/PortNumber53/mt-utils

Customize the file:

mt.sh.sample

Next, make sure the variables in

0-variables.sh

match your enviroment.

Then you just need to run:

mt.sh.sample

For extra peace of mind, set it to run from a cron job.

 

 

Kohana: core, adding submodules, customization

After cloning the repository, let's add the Kohana core, a few modules and customize the installation:

1. 

git submodule add git://github.com/kohana/core.git modules/system

git submodule add git://github.com/kohana/database.git modules/database

git submodule add git://github.com/kohana/cache.git modules/cache

git submodule add git://github.com/kohana/image.git modules/image

git submodule add git://github.com/kohana/pagination.git modules/pagination

 

2. Initialize the modules

 

$ git submodule init

 

$ git commit -m 'Added core kohana and initial submodules [cache,database,image,pagination]'
[master 1d5462d] Added core kohana and initial submodules [cache,database,image,pagination]
 6 files changed, 20 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 .gitmodules
 create mode 160000 modules/cache
 create mode 160000 modules/database
 create mode 160000 modules/image
 create mode 160000 modules/pagination
 create mode 160000 modules/system
 
 
3. Push these changes
$ git pull origin master
From mt:~/domains/git.portnumber53.com/html/menospior.com
 * branch            master     -> FETCH_HEAD
Already up-to-date.
 
$ git push origin master
Counting objects: 5, done.
Delta compression using up to 2 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (4/4), done.
Writing objects: 100% (4/4), 663 bytes, done.
Total 4 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
To mt:~/domains/git.portnumber53.com/html/menospior.com.git
   8bce6b1..1d5462d  master -> master
 
 
We need some more files:
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$ mkdir html
$ wget https://raw.github.com/kohana/kohana/3.2/master/index.php -O html/index.php
–2012-07-12 00:46:18–  https://raw.github.com/kohana/kohana/3.2/master/index.php
Resolving raw.github.com (raw.github.com)… 207.97.227.243
Connecting to raw.github.com (raw.github.com)|207.97.227.243|:443… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK
Length: 3292 (3.2K) [text/plain]
Saving to: `html/index.php'
 
100%[=========================================================================>] 3,292       –.-K/s   in 0s
 
2012-07-12 00:46:19 (76.6 MB/s) – `html/index.php' saved [3292/3292]
 
$ wget https://raw.github.com/kohana/kohana/3.2/master/example.htaccess -O html/.htaccess
–2012-07-12 00:46:47–  https://raw.github.com/kohana/kohana/3.2/master/example.htaccess
Resolving raw.github.com (raw.github.com)… 207.97.227.243
Connecting to raw.github.com (raw.github.com)|207.97.227.243|:443… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK
Length: 517 [text/plain]
Saving to: `html/.htaccess'
 
100%[=========================================================================>] 517         –.-K/s   in 0s
 
2012-07-12 00:46:48 (24.1 MB/s) – `html/.htaccess' saved [517/517]
 
$ mkdir -p modules/application
$ wget https://raw.github.com/kohana/kohana/3.2/master/application/bootstrap.php -O modules/application/bootstrap.php
–2012-07-12 00:47:32–  https://raw.github.com/kohana/kohana/3.2/master/application/bootstrap.php
Resolving raw.github.com (raw.github.com)… 207.97.227.243
Connecting to raw.github.com (raw.github.com)|207.97.227.243|:443… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK
Length: 3612 (3.5K) [text/plain]
Saving to: `modules/application/bootstrap.php'
 
100%[=========================================================================>] 3,612       –.-K/s   in 0s
 
2012-07-12 00:47:33 (104 MB/s) – `modules/application/bootstrap.php' saved [3612/3612]
 
 
 
If you try accessing your site you should see an error:
———-

 

 

 

 

Warning: require(/bootstrap.php): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/httpd/domains/menospior.dev/html/index.php on line 102

 

Fatal error: require(): Failed opening required '/bootstrap.php' (include_path='.:/php/library/php-redis:/usr/share/pear') in/home/httpd/domains/menospior.dev/html/index.php on line 102

 

 

 

———————
 
 
Let's adjust the environment:
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chage a few settings:
html/index.php

$application = '../modules/application';

$modules = '../modules';

$system = '../modues/system';

 

Customize some kohana settings:

../modules/application/bootstrap.php

date_default_timezone_set('America/Los_Angeles');

 

Kohana::init(array(
'base_url'   => '/',
'index_file' => FALSE,
'cache_dir'  => DOCROOT.'../cache'
));
Kohana::$log->attach(new Log_File(DOCROOT.'../logs'));
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now create the logs folder

$ mkdir logs

 

 

At this point you should have a 404 error as there's no controller:

 

 

HTTP_Exception_404 [ 404 ]: The requested URL / was not found on this server.

SYSPATH/classes/kohana/request/client/internal.php [ 87 ]

82 
83 		try
84 		{
85 			if ( ! class_exists($prefix.$controller))
86 			{
87 				throw new HTTP_Exception_404('The requested URL :uri was not found on this server.',
88 													array(':uri' => $request->uri()));
89 			}
90 
91 			// Load the controller using reflection
92 			$class = new ReflectionClass($prefix.$controller);
  1. SYSPATH/classes/kohana/request/client.php [ 64 ] » Kohana_Request_Client_Internal->execute_request(arguments)

  2. SYSPATH/classes/kohana/request.php [ 1138 ] » Kohana_Request_Client->execute(arguments)

  3. DOCROOT/index.php [ 109 ] » Kohana_Request->execute()

Environment

 

 

 

This is optional:

 

$ wget https://raw.github.com/kohana/kohana/3.2/master/install.php -O html/install.php
–2012-07-12 01:43:59–  https://raw.github.com/kohana/kohana/3.2/master/install.php
Resolving raw.github.com (raw.github.com)… 207.97.227.243
Connecting to raw.github.com (raw.github.com)|207.97.227.243|:443… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK
Length: 8411 (8.2K) [text/plain]
Saving to: `html/install.php'
 
100%[=========================================================================>] 8,411       –.-K/s   in 0s
 
2012-07-12 01:44:00 (19.5 MB/s) – `html/install.php' saved [8411/8411]
 
the step above download the install.php file that can be used to test your environment. There are a few things wrong in the script, but it can tell you if you env has all the bells and whisles to use Kohana
 
 

 

 

Problems you may want to fix:

The iconv extension is not loaded.

Uncomment the line

extension=iconv.so

in your php.ini file and restart Apache

 

Kohana requires mcrypt for the Encrypt class.

Uncomment the line

extension=mcrypt.so

in your php.ini file and restart Apache

 

Kohana requires GD v2 for the Image class.

Uncomment the line

extension=gd.so

in your php.ini file and restart Apache

 

Kohana can use the http extension for the Request_Client_External class.

Install the pecl_http extension

 

# pacman -Sy php-pear autoconf
# pecl install pecl_http
/usr/lib/gcc/arm-unknown-linux-gnueabi/4.7.1/cc1: error while loading shared libraries: libppl.so.12: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
pecl/pecl_http can optionally use PHP extension "iconv"
downloading pecl_http-1.7.4.tgz …
Starting to download pecl_http-1.7.4.tgz (174,503 bytes)
……………………………….done: 174,503 bytes
71 source files, building
running: phpize
Configuring for:
PHP Api Version:         20100412
Zend Module Api No:      20100525
Zend Extension Api No:   220100525
 

/usr/lib/php/modules/http.so

You should add "extension=http.so" to php.ini

 

 

Fix install.php folder checks:

 

<tr>
<th>Cache Directory</th>
<?php if (is_dir(APPPATH) AND is_dir(DOCROOT.'../cache') AND is_writable(DOCROOT.'../cache')): ?>
<td class="pass"><?php echo DOCROOT.'../cache' ?></td>
<?php else: $failed = TRUE ?>
<td class="fail">The <code><?php echo DOCROOT.'../cache' ?></code> directory is not writable.</td>
<?php endif ?>
</tr>
<tr>
<th>Logs Directory</th>
<?php if (is_dir(APPPATH) AND is_dir(DOCROOT.'../logs') AND is_writable(DOCROOT.'../logs')): ?>
<td class="pass"><?php echo DOCROOT.'../logs' ?></td>
<?php else: $failed = TRUE ?>
<td class="fail">The <code><?php DOCROOT.'../logs' ?></code> directory is not writable.</td>
<?php endif ?>
</tr>
 
 

 

  • IGlr